60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

May 8, 2011
891
30
28
Australia
#1
Hi Everyone,

I have started work on the 60 degree version. Don has helped once again and provided some preliminary CAD drawings. A bit of work is still needed to simplify the construction and finalize the dimensions.

The original DIY was a prototype designed to test the design and concept; this time I’m planning to make a “proper box” and provide some more construction details and drawings from the start.

The 60 degree version will be about 20mm deeper than the 90 degree version because of the extra depth of the Eighteen Sound XT1464 horn. I may also have to make the box about 8mm wider. To offset the slight increase in size I plan to cut the back corners off. This is mostly cosmetic a should make the box look smaller from most angles.

It’s likely that the 60 degree version will be used in pairs, accordingly I have done a SIM for two boxes at the AES peak power (+6 dB on the RMS rating). To do this I modelled one box in half space.

I thought it would be appropriate to start a new thread which is more focused on the construction of the box unlike the original DIY Mid Hi thread – Bennett I hope that’s OK.

I have provided some SIM’s using the RCF and the B&C's 12NDL76. It shows the power response (dark line) and the the SPL corrected for directivity (grey line).

Note: the low frequency section of SPL curve is my best guess; Horn Response can not model the directive of the reflex ports

Peter
 

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Last edited:
Feb 24, 2015
235
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#2
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Hi Everyone,

I have started work on the 60 degree version. Don has helped once again and provided some preliminary CAD drawings. A bit of work is still needed to simplify the construction and finalize the dimensions.

The original DIY was a prototype designed to test the design and concept; this time I’m planning to make a “proper box” and provide some more construction details and drawings from the start.

The 60 degree version will be about 20mm deeper than the 90 degree version because of the extra depth of the Eighteen Sound XT1464 horn. I may also have to make the box about 8mm wider. To offset the slight increase in size I plan to cut the back corners off. This is mostly cosmetic a should make the box look smaller from most angles.

It’s likely that the 60 degree version will be used in pairs, accordingly I have done a SIM for two boxes at the AES peak power (+6 dB on the RMS rating). To do this I modelled one box in half space.

I thought it would be appropriate to start a new thread which is more focused on the construction of the box unlike the original DIY Mid Hi thread – Bennett I hope that’s OK.

I have provided some SIM’s using the RCF and the B&C's 12NDL76. It shows the power response (dark line) and the the SPL corrected for directivity (grey line).

Note: the low frequency section of SPL curve is my best guess; Horn Response can not model the directive of the reflex ports

Peter
Great news Peter!

Are you guys working on Don's idea of removable baffles with this new 60 deg version? To convert to 90 degrees and HF950 if desired?

If so, I need slow down...

....because as I've been waiting for drivers and horns to arrive, I've started to see if I can use bendable plywood for the horn section (Don's parts C, B, & A).

I'm having to make an pretty accurate time-consuming forming jig. (The plywood is 8.3 mm thick, so it takes two layers laminated.)
I figure I'll hopefully get the time back, when not having to clamp the horn pieces together... plus I just kinda want to see how the bendable stuff works...

Anyway, should I be holding off trying to make a jig?

I really like the convertible idea, and have both horns on the way...
Noticed the XT1464 has 35mm greater flange to flange depth....which makes me curious how the new box gains just 25mm depth (per drawing)
 
May 8, 2011
891
30
28
Australia
#3
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Great news Peter!

Are you guys working on Don's idea of removable baffles with this new 60 deg version? To convert to 90 degrees and HF950 if desired?

If so, I need slow down...

....because as I've been waiting for drivers and horns to arrive, I've started to see if I can use bendable plywood for the horn section (Don's parts C, B, & A).

I'm having to make an pretty accurate time-consuming forming jig. (The plywood is 8.3 mm thick, so it takes two layers laminated.)
I figure I'll hopefully get the time back, when not having to clamp the horn pieces together... plus I just kinda want to see how the bendable stuff works...

Anyway, should I be holding off trying to make a jig?

I really like the convertible idea, and have both horns on the way...
Noticed the XT1464 has 35mm greater flange to flange depth....which makes me curious how the new box gains just 25mm depth (per drawing)
It’s a real squeeze to get the XT1464 to fit. It’s the same width as the 90 degree box. The concept was a speaker on a stick so I don’t want to make the box any bigger, if I do, just a fraction.

I’m not sure how to fit the speaker grills yet … suggestions????


I’m not planning to make my boxes with interchangeable front plates to accommodate different horns but I will keep that in mind as I build. If I can keep the width almost the same then you could certainly use it for either the 90 degree or 60 degree box, but finding a suitable method to attach the grills and have interchangeable front plates may be difficult.

… and yes the XT1464 is 35mm deeper, but hopefully there was 10mm of spare depth in the original box so I only need to add 25mm.
 
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Feb 10, 2015
14
0
1
Tampa, FL USA
#4
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Thanks Peter for that 60 degree version, is the angled rear part of the cabinet mean 2 cabs splayed per side for more output. With 2 per side and a 4 stack of subs (cubo 18) will this do at least 1000-1500 inside venue (DJ playback)? Thanks!
 
May 8, 2011
891
30
28
Australia
#5
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Thanks Peter for that 60 degree version, is the angled rear part of the cabinet mean 2 cabs splayed per side for more output. With 2 per side and a 4 stack of subs (cubo 18) will this do at least 1000-1500 inside venue (DJ playback)? Thanks!
The angle is mostly cosmetic to make the box look smaller, however the plan is to make it 30 degrees, the nominal coverage angle of the box.

The 60 degree XT1464 horn should be good for 2dB may be 3dB more compared to the RCF HF950.

I don’t know how hard the Cubo 18’s go but I suspect what you are describing, subject to using a good high powered 18 in the Cubo’s would be somewhere near the mark.

If the Cubo’s will make enough bass I suspect the DIY will keep up.

Think in terms of doing slightly more than one of Danley’s SH96HO above 100Hz with 2 x 60 degree DIYs. I believe the Danley SM96HO uses 1 x BMS 4594 but crosses more like1500Hz compared to 700Hz, so as a guess the 2 x 4594s in the DIY should be similar but with more VHF output.

https://www.facebook.com/video.php?v=575204499208613
 
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Feb 24, 2015
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#6
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

It’s a real squeeze to get the XT1464 to fit. It’s the same width as the 90 degree box. The concept was a speaker on a stick so I don’t want to make the box any bigger, if I do, just a fraction.

I’m not sure how to fit the speaker grills yet … suggestions????


I’m not planning to make my boxes with interchangeable front plates to accommodate different horns but I will keep that in mind as I build. If I can keep the width almost the same then you could certainly use it for either the 90 degree or 60 degree box, but finding a suitable method to attach the grills and have interchangeable front plates may be difficult.

… and yes the XT1464 is 35mm deeper, but hopefully there was 10mm of spare depth in the original box so I only need to add 25mm.
Yes, I see the differences in getting the XT1464 to fit ......and what that implies for the front grill.
Since the XT1464 is 380mm wide, and the exact same width as the PM90 (my name for your 90 degree box :)), it would take a 34mm increase in width (2 x17) to get the horn to fit fully in between the sides wouldn't it?
Which i think adds 3.4 lbs. (By my calcs, each 1mm increase in width adds close to 1/10th a lb in weight.)

Given the box already needs to deepen at least 25mm (I get about 1/12 lb per mm depth increase), the whole XT1464 thing seems to add about 5.5 lbs. (not counting maybe some saving from 30 degree back corner?)

So, my thought it to say to heck with fitting the horn fully inside the sides. I'm thinking to increase width by 8-10mm and recess the edge of the horn in the side walls, with just enough side wall to be sturdy.

This would mean no grill for XT1460 itself, and separate grills above and below for the 12" mouths.

Works for me...
As I like your original goal of super speaker on a stick... trying to keep it as small and light as possible.
Having said that though, if the goal is to put 2 or more boxes together, they are a lot less likely to be on any kind of stick, huh?

Anyway, I figure a box deep enough to accommodate the XT1460 would pretty easily allow interchange with the HF950.
I see the the XT is 304mm high, and the 950 is 300mm (when looking at front of speaker)
So the horn baffle plate for either could have same height. The trickiest part might be getting the 950 horn plate to dovetail cleanly with the recessed sides cut for the XT.
 
May 8, 2011
891
30
28
Australia
#7
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Yes, I see the differences in getting the XT1464 to fit ......and what that implies for the front grill.
Since the XT1464 is 380mm wide, and the exact same width as the PM90 (my name for your 90 degree box :)), it would take a 34mm increase in width (2 x17) to get the horn to fit fully in between the sides wouldn't it?
Which i think adds 3.4 lbs. (By my calcs, each 1mm increase in width adds close to 1/10th a lb in weight.)

Given the box already needs to deepen at least 25mm (I get about 1/12 lb per mm depth increase), the whole XT1464 thing seems to add about 5.5 lbs. (not counting maybe some saving from 30 degree back corner?)

So, my thought it to say to heck with fitting the horn fully inside the sides. I'm thinking to increase width by 8-10mm and recess the edge of the horn in the side walls, with just enough side wall to be sturdy.

This would mean no grill for XT1460 itself, and separate grills above and below for the 12" mouths.

Works for me...
As I like your original goal of super speaker on a stick... trying to keep it as small and light as possible.
Having said that though, if the goal is to put 2 or more boxes together, they are a lot less likely to be on any kind of stick, huh?

Anyway, I figure a box deep enough to accommodate the XT1460 would pretty easily allow interchange with the HF950.
I see the the XT is 304mm high, and the 950 is 300mm (when looking at front of speaker)
So the horn baffle plate for either could have same height. The trickiest part might be getting the 950 horn plate to dovetail cleanly with the recessed sides cut for the XT.
I thinking there are three options …

Firstly I am going to try 16mm hoop pine ply which weighs slightly less than the prototype. In addition I will make the angled corners out of 10mm ply because the unsupported width is so small.

Then I may just use a grill to cover the top and bottom MF horn outlets and leave the HF exposed. You could make the HF horn mounting plate and the side ofthe box flush at that point - a bit like this.
http://www.rcf.it/image/image_gallery?uuid=dfa052a3-65f2-4870-b2a5-2f3a32509225&groupId=216492&t=1360141234351

Alternatively increase the width of the box to 396mm, machine 3mm off either side of the XT1460 and route the wall of the box down to 10mm either side of the horn.

Then route a step in the front edge of the box to accommodate a 1.6mm perforated / punched metal grill. It could be screwed or bolted in position also strengthening the front edges of the horn mouths.

The last option is the make the grill rap around the out side of the box like this http://www.audiolights.eu/electronics/images/rcf-tt22a-11.jpg


… and yet a again – thanks Don for the 3 D sketch up drawings
 

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#8
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Nice design Peter! Still thinking of building a pair ;-)

Did anyone think of the following change: 1 straight baffle for the 12" drivers and an angle in the back panels? Advantages: more space around the BMS driver, easier to build, slightly longer horn and maybe even space for an amplifier module in the back. Disadvantage: depth increases a few centimeters.
 
May 8, 2011
891
30
28
Australia
#9
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Nice design Peter! Still thinking of building a pair ;-)

Did anyone think of the following change: 1 straight baffle for the 12" drivers and an angle in the back panels? Advantages: more space around the BMS driver, easier to build, slightly longer horn and maybe even space for an amplifier module in the back. Disadvantage: depth increases a few centimeters.
Hi Peter,

Yes I looked at that option, a flat baffle for the 2 x 12” and W or curved shape for the rear of the box, I looked at every option I could think of or find on the net.

… and there is no reason why you cannot do what you suggested, but my focus was building a box with a size, weight and shape that could be mounted on a stick; I wanted to be able to put a small concert level PA in van instead of a truck.

There are very few boxes commercially available that can do this. As far as I am aware for its size and weight there are none that offer the performance this DIY does in terms of SPL or sound quality.


To squeeze 2 x 12” horn loaded drivers and a high frequency horn into a box and have it pole mount means that weight and size become critical. At the moment I’m pushing the size and weight as far as I would like, accordingly I was prepared to accept it being a little more complex to build to save as much weight and size as possible, but I’m sure everyone’s mileage will differ slightly on where the compromise should be.

Peter
 
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Jan 18, 2011
185
2
18
Orange County, CA
#10
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Yes, I see the differences in getting the XT1464 to fit ......and what that implies for the front grill.
Since the XT1464 is 380mm wide, and the exact same width as the PM90 (my name for your 90 degree box :)), it would take a 34mm increase in width (2 x17) to get the horn to fit fully in between the sides wouldn't it?
Which i think adds 3.4 lbs. (By my calcs, each 1mm increase in width adds close to 1/10th a lb in weight.)

Given the box already needs to deepen at least 25mm (I get about 1/12 lb per mm depth increase), the whole XT1464 thing seems to add about 5.5 lbs. (not counting maybe some saving from 30 degree back corner?)

So, my thought it to say to heck with fitting the horn fully inside the sides. I'm thinking to increase width by 8-10mm and recess the edge of the horn in the side walls, with just enough side wall to be sturdy.

This would mean no grill for XT1460 itself, and separate grills above and below for the 12" mouths.

Works for me...
As I like your original goal of super speaker on a stick... trying to keep it as small and light as possible.
Having said that though, if the goal is to put 2 or more boxes together, they are a lot less likely to be on any kind of stick, huh?

Anyway, I figure a box deep enough to accommodate the XT1460 would pretty easily allow interchange with the HF950.
I see the the XT is 304mm high, and the 950 is 300mm (when looking at front of speaker)
So the horn baffle plate for either could have same height. The trickiest part might be getting the 950 horn plate to dovetail cleanly with the recessed sides cut for the XT.
Hi Mark,
You are right on with these observations. In the Sketchup version I increased the overall box width to 396mm to yield a 362mm inside width. According to the spec sheet, the cut out for the XT1464 is 362 wide.
Then as you said the horn flange would need to be recessed into the edges of the sides. I am expecting a XT1464 to be delivered this week. Once I have my hands on it I'll see if that width can be reduced.
I haven't found a source for the HF950 in the US yet.

To have a one piece grill the box will need to be wider to allow the horn to fit between the sides.

My goal is to stay as true as possible to Peter's design parameters. Of course everyone can vary the design to fit their own needs.

I hope to start my build sometime this week.

Don
 

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Feb 24, 2015
235
7
18
#11
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Hi Mark,
You are right on with these observations. In the Sketchup version I increased the overall box width to 396mm to yield a 362mm inside width. According to the spec sheet, the cut out for the XT1464 is 362 wide.
Then as you said the horn flange would need to be recessed into the edges of the sides. I am expecting a XT1464 to be delivered this week. Once I have my hands on it I'll see if that width can be reduced.
I haven't found a source for the HF950 in the US yet.

To have a one piece grill the box will need to be wider to allow the horn to fit between the sides.

My goal is to stay as true as possible to Peter's design parameters. Of course everyone can vary the design to fit their own needs.

I hope to start my build sometime this week.

Don
Hi Don, awesome...nice work!!!

XT1464s came in earlier today.
One thing that jumped out, that I should have seen in its drawings, is that the XT1464's mounting holes' outer edges are 362mm apart. Center to center they are 356mm.

This will make trying to fasten the XT1464 to the baffle, right at the baffle's edge.
And the inside edges of the 6mm mounting holes are 350mm apart.....it kinda seems to make a no-mans land for inner box width between 350 and 362mm....where fastening through the horn's mounting holes will be challenging.

I don't really know how to get a t-nut, insert, or even a good wood screw securely in, right at an edge ........ideas?

I'm almost thinking that biting the weight/size bullet, and making the inner width 380mm might be the way to go for the XT1464.
Also because, it's going to be pretty tricky I think, to get the MF horn fold, the HFhorn baffle, and any recess in the sides for the XT horn,.... all to stack together perfectly front to back...

I too wish to stay as true to Peter's design as possible....just throwing out thoughts :)

Oh, an aside....I gave up trying the find the HF950 in the US.
Ordered 2 supposedly in stock, from France. Had to pay by international money order. Damn receiving bank charged $1.25 per euro, so my very safe $ transfer amount came up short of euros. Finally straightened out payment,
but the in-stock units disappeared and now it will be a few more weeks....

One thing I've learned, in doing prelim homework from your fine drawings is..........the HF950 box is much easier than the XT1464 !

Edit: back of horn pict added.....
...it's about 17-18mm from fins to edge, all 4 sides. Back of horn slope is right under fins' edges too, not much room for a baffle even 380mm wide...
xt flange resize.jpg
 
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May 8, 2011
891
30
28
Australia
#12
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Hi Don, awesome...nice work!!!

XT1464s came in earlier today.
One thing that jumped out, that I should have seen in its drawings, is that the XT1464's mounting holes' outer edges are 362mm apart. Center to center they are 356mm.

This will make trying to fasten the XT1464 to the baffle, right at the baffle's edge.
And the inside edges of the 6mm mounting holes are 350mm apart.....it kinda seems to make a no-mans land for inner box width between 350 and 362mm....where fastening through the horn's mounting holes will be challenging.

I don't really know how to get a t-nut, insert, or even a good wood screw securely in, right at an edge ........ideas?

I'm almost thinking that biting the weight/size bullet, and making the inner width 380mm might be the way to go for the XT1464.
Also because, it's going to be pretty tricky I think, to get the MF horn fold, the HFhorn baffle, and any recess in the sides for the XT horn,.... all to stack together perfectly front to back...

I too wish to stay as true to Peter's design as possible....just throwing out thoughts :)

Oh, an aside....I gave up trying the find the HF950 in the US.
Ordered 2 supposedly in stock, from France. Had to pay by international money order. Damn receiving bank charged $1.25 per euro, so my very safe $ transfer amount came up short of euros. Finally straightened out payment,
but the in-stock units disappeared and now it will be a few more weeks....

One thing I've learned, in doing prelim homework from your fine drawings is..........the HF950 box is much easier than the XT1464 !

Edit: back of horn pict added.....
...it's about 17-18mm from fins to edge, all 4 sides. Back of horn slope is right under fins' edges too, not much room for a baffle even 380mm wide...
View attachment 12337

What I have decided to do is make the box 6 mm wider and make the grill similar to Don’s sketch up or the picture I posted above. The two screws on the outer edge of the XT1464 …. just screw them straight into the wood or use threaded inserts https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIhEqoKE8Dc
 
Jan 18, 2011
185
2
18
Orange County, CA
#13
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Here is a PDF of the plans for the box at 396mm wide. Also if anyone wants the Sketchup file PM me with your email address.
I found some nice 17.5mm plywood over the weekend so my box may vary a little. I like Peter's idea of using lighter wood where possible.

Peter, if you want drawings based on your chosen width let me know, I'd be happy to work on those for you.

I received the XT1464 today so I can take a closer look at how that will fit.
 

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Feb 10, 2015
14
0
1
Tampa, FL USA
#14
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Hi Don most BB Ply here in the US is 17.5 mm anyway can I get away using 15 mm since it would be lighter than the 18 mm BB Ply here? Then would this sound different from cab 18 mm as per plans and would bracing interior pieces offer more rigid enclosure help weed out resonances? Or just use 18 mm per plans, I would like a lighter cab as I am mostly by myself on some DJ smaller gigs. That CAD file is great thanks for the contribution to this forum. I have 3 5'X5' BB now in the garage I will order 2 more but 4'X8' to make 4 boxes with XT1464 horn.8)~:cool:~:cool:
 
Jul 30, 2012
388
5
18
Tampere Finland
#15
Feb 24, 2015
235
7
18
#16
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

What I have decided to do is make the box 6 mm wider and make the grill similar to Don’s sketch up or the picture I posted above. The two screws on the outer edge of the XT1464 …. just screw them straight into the wood or use threaded inserts https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIhEqoKE8Dc
I decided the same thing...386mm outside width, and use the two grill approach.

I think i have the interchangeable horn thing figured out. I am going to let the horn baffle boards be the full 386mm width of the box, resting in cutouts in the sides.
It assures I can make a pretty strong one piece baffle for the XT1464, and it lets inserts or t-nuts be anywhere they need without concern.
If it works as planned, the XT1464 gets the two grills as discussed; and HF950 will sit recessed in its baffle plate, to allow a one piece flat grill for the whole box.
I won't belabor it anymore...don't want to dilute focus from the mainstream ....

Thx for the insert vid. I've had trouble locating them precisely when on the very end of a piece, or in a joint where grain changes direction. In those situations, I've needed to be able to place the work in a decent drill press to keep the bit from kicking out a little, or splintering near the end......
 
Jan 18, 2011
185
2
18
Orange County, CA
#18
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Thanks Peter, I've been installing those inserts backwards all these years and Timo for the idea.
I've come up with an idea I may try on my build that will eliminate the 10mm spacer under the 12's.
If you use 17mm ply for the baffle you can route about 8mm out of the shape of the driver cut out. This leaves a 9mm thick panel.
The xmax for the driver is 5.5 so even if xlim is 25% greater it shouldn't hit the face.
This would hopefully allow for more room for the fit with XT1464 combo. Just a thought.
 

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Feb 24, 2015
235
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#19
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Thanks Peter, I've been installing those inserts backwards all these years and Timo for the idea.
I've come up with an idea I may try on my build that will eliminate the 10mm spacer under the 12's.
If you use 17mm ply for the baffle you can route about 8mm out of the shape of the driver cut out. This leaves a 9mm thick panel.
The xmax for the driver is 5.5 so even if xlim is 25% greater it shouldn't hit the face.
This would hopefully allow for more room for the fit with XT1464 combo. Just a thought.
Hey, rock and roll Don, good idea!

And let me please say, thanks again to you for your drawings...I couldn't begin to try to take Peter's brilliance to plywood without your work....


In the same idea of finding 4594 to 12" driver clearance..... per your baffle routing idea (to save cabinet depth), .........I've also thought to maybe relieve what you label part C a few mm's so that the driver's circumference goes into part c a little ...so that the 12" driver spacing widens....???

And I'm wondering how strong the 12" baffle plate needs to be, since all the low freq energy is being forced through the long, round-end slot ???
 
May 8, 2011
891
30
28
Australia
#20
Re: 60 Degree DIY Mid Hi

Thanks Peter, I've been installing those inserts backwards all these years and Timo for the idea.
I've come up with an idea I may try on my build that will eliminate the 10mm spacer under the 12's.
If you use 17mm ply for the baffle you can route about 8mm out of the shape of the driver cut out. This leaves a 9mm thick panel.
The xmax for the driver is 5.5 so even if xlim is 25% greater it shouldn't hit the face.
This would hopefully allow for more room for the fit with XT1464 combo. Just a thought.
If you use this approach then I would not route out the centre section. This would make it stronger and quicker. I would also use an angled router bit.

(please excuse my first attempt with sketchup)
 

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